For example, for instance, to illustrate, thus, in other words, as an illustration, in particular. Consequence or Result. So that, with the result that, thus, consequently, hence, accordingly, for this reason, therefore, so, because, since, due to, as a result, in other words, then.
Therefore, finally, consequently, thus, in short, in conclusion, in brief, as a result, accordingly. For this purpose, to this end, with this in mind, with this purpose in mind, therefore. Transitional Words and Phrases Updated lists by Joanna Taraba printable version here This page only provides a list of transitional words; be certain you understand their meanings before you use them.
Example of unclear transition: The characters in Book A face a moral dilemma. Improved transition: The characters in Book A face a moral dilemma, a contested inheritance. Examples of Transitions: Illustration Thus, for example, for instance, namely, to illustrate, in other words, in particular, specifically, such as.
Contrast On the contrary, contrarily, notwithstanding, but, however, nevertheless, in spite of, in contrast, yet, on one hand, on the other hand, rather, or, nor, conversely, at the same time, while this may be true. Addition And, in addition to, furthermore, moreover, besides, than, too, also, both-and, another, equally important, first, second, etc.
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Time After, afterward, before, then, once, next, last, at last, at length, first, second, etc. Space At the left, at the right, in the center, on the side, along the edge, on top, below, beneath, under, around, above, over, straight ahead, at the top, at the bottom, surrounding, opposite, at the rear, at the front, in front of, beside, behind, next to, nearby, in the distance, beyond, in the forefront, in the foreground, within sight, out of sight, across, under, nearer, adjacent, in the background. Concession Although, at any rate, at least, still, thought, even though, granted that, while it may be true, in spite of, of course.
Similarity or Comparison Similarly, likewise, in like fashion, in like manner, analogous to. Emphasis Above all, indeed, truly, of course, certainly, surely, in fact, really, in truth, again, besides, also, furthermore, in addition. Details Specifically, especially, in particular, to explain, to list, to enumerate, in detail, namely, including. Examples For example, for instance, to illustrate, thus, in other words, as an illustration, in particular. Consequence or Result So that, with the result that, thus, consequently, hence, accordingly, for this reason, therefore, so, because, since, due to, as a result, in other words, then.
Summary Therefore, finally, consequently, thus, in short, in conclusion, in brief, as a result, accordingly. The most important rule when using these little punctuation marks is that the style of the opening and closing quotation marks match, e.
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One of the common ESL mistakes we encounter is the misuse of quotation marks. If quotations are distinguished only by the use of quotation marks and you are quoting more than one paragraph, use an opening quote at the beginning of each paragraph. First things first; decide whether you will use double or single quotation marks for the initial quote. If you use single quotations marks, then you should use double quotation marks for a quote within a quote. If you use double quotation marks, then you should use single quotation marks for a quote within a quote.
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For example:. You do not usually need opening and closing quotation marks to punctuate material set off from the main text as a block quotation. Block quotations are typically either indented or put in a smaller font.
Quotations within the block will have double or single quotes, according to the convention being used British or American. As usual, these different conventions for closing punctuation complicate things. Compare the following two examples:. Imagine Bart's surprise, dear reader, when Emma turned to him and said, contemptuously, "What 'promise'?
Yet, to a man of what Plato calls 'universal sympathies,' and even to the plain, ordinary denizens of this world, what can be more interesting than those who constitute 'the passing crowd'? In much specialist writing, including linguistics, philosophy, and theology, terms with particular meanings that are unique to that subject are often enclosed in single quotation marks:.
Many people do not realize that 'cultivar' is synonymous with 'clone. However, it is still important not to confuse your readers by including too many of these little punctuation marks. Inserting quotation marks may not be essential to your argument. The names of horticultural cultivars, however, should usually be enclosed in single quotation marks:.
An example of an apple is 'Jonathon,' of a grape, 'Chardonnay,' and of the Gallica rose, 'Rosa Munda. While quotations are necessary for most types of writing, too many quotation marks, whether double or single quotation marks, can make your writing seem heavy-handed. To ensure quotation marks have been properly used in your writing, consider sending it to the professionals at Scribendi for proofreading. Let's examine some of the rules that dictate when apostrophes are used and where they should be placed in a word. Words are words and those annoying little punctuation marks can't be that important Scribendi's editors offer solutions to common punctuation errors.
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Quotation Marks: When to Use Double or Single Quotation Marks | Scribendi
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