Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
She also wrote poetry, essays, and non-fiction books. Her mother died when Harriet was only five years old.
She had 10 brothers and sisters. Many of her siblings became famous reformers, following in their father's footsteps.
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- Stowe, Harriet Beecher (), author | American National Biography?
Harriet was first a student, and later a teacher at Hartford Female Seminary, founded by her sister, Catharine. During that period, the seminary was one of a few schools that educated females. Catharine believed that women should be educated in careers outside the home, and she also stressed the importance of writing. Harriet received an outstanding education and began to develop her talents as a writer. Life in Ohio.
In , the family moved to Cincinnati, Ohio , where Harriet's father became the president of Lane Theological Seminary. In , Harriet met and married Calvin Stowe, a professor at the seminary. The couple had seven children, most of whom were born in Cincinnati.
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Only three would survive their parents. Her writing skills became sharper as a result of her experiences in the club.
A best seller from Brunswick. The family moved to Brunswick. That year saw the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act , which made it a crime for citizens of free states to give aid to runaway slaves. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Top Questions. Start Your Free Trial Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. American literature: New England reformers and historians.
An abolitionist novel, it achieved wide popularity, particularly among white readers in the North, by vividly dramatizing the experience of slavery. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About. In , Calvin Stowe obtained a professorship at Bowdoin College in Maine, and the family moved, Harriet, giving birth to her last child after the move.
In , Calvin Stowe found a position at Andover Theological Seminary, from which he'd graduated in , and the family moved to Massachusetts. Harriet had a vision during a communion service at the college, a vision of a dying slave, and she determined to bring that vision to life. Harriet began writing a story about slavery and used her own experience of visiting a plantation and of talking with ex-slaves.
She also did much more research, even contacting Frederick Douglass to ask to be put in touch with ex-slaves who could ensure the accuracy of her story. On June 5, , the National Era began publishing installments of her story, appearing in most weekly issues through April 1 of the next year. The positive response led to the publication of the stories in two volumes.
Uncle Tom's Cabin sold quickly, and some sources estimate as many as , copies sold in the first year. Though the book was popular not only in the United States but around the world, Harriet Beecher Stowe saw little personal profit from the book, due to the pricing structure of the publishing industry of her time, and due to the unauthorized copies that were produced outside the U. By using the form of a novel to communicate the pain and suffering under slavery, Harriet Beecher Stowe tried to make the religious point that slavery was a sin. She succeeded. Her story was denounced in the South as a distortion, so she produced a new book, A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin, documenting the actual cases on which her book's incidents were based.
Life – Harriet Beecher Stowe Center
Reaction and support were not only in America. She turned her experiences on this trip into a book, Sunny Memories of Foreign Lands. Her novel, The Minister's Wooing, was set in the New England of her youth and drew on her sadness in losing a second son, Henry, who drowned in an accident while a student at Dartmouth College. Harriet's later writing focused mainly on New England settings. When Calvin Stowe retired from teaching in , the family moved to Hartford, Connecticut. Stowe continued her writing, selling stories and articles, poems and advice columns, and essays on issues of the day.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Biography
The Stowes began spending their winters in Florida after the end of the Civil War. Harriet established a cotton plantation in Florida, with her son Frederick as the manager, to employ newly-freed slaves. Though none of her later works were nearly as popular or influential as Uncle Tom's Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe was the center of public attention again when, in , an article in The Atlantic created a scandal.
Upset at a publication that she thought insulted her friend, Lady Byron, she repeated in that article, and then more fully in a book, a charge that Lord Byron had had an incestuous relationship with his half-sister, and that a child had been born of their relationship. Frederick Stowe was lost at sea in , and Harriet Beecher Stowe mourned another son lost to death.