Some general advice on academic essay writing

Keep up with the latest on Guardian Students: follow us on Twitter at GdnStudents — and become a member to receive exclusive benefits and our weekly newsletter. Topics Students Tips for students.

Step 1: Identify the paragraph’s purpose

Higher education Advice for students features. Reuse this content. Order by newest oldest recommendations. Show 25 25 50 All.


  • Academic Skills.
  • hardware software essay.
  • battle of algiers essay?

Threads collapsed expanded unthreaded. Loading comments… Trouble loading? Would a subordinating conjunction help i. Or do the two statements imply a fuzzy unfocused thesis?

E2 IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 - Top Tips for 8+ with Jay!

If so, settle on one single focus and then proceed with further development. Is your thesis statement too general?

How Long Should My Academic Essay Be?

Compare this original thesis too general with three possible revisions more focused, each presenting a different approach to the same topic : Original thesis : There are serious objections to today's horror movies. Revised theses : Because modern cinematic techniques have allowed filmmakers to get more graphic, horror flicks have desensitized young American viewers to violence.


  • Essay Tips: 7 Tips on Writing an Effective Essay!
  • Writing essays — University of Leicester?
  • thesis on indian english drama.
  • titles bipolar research paper.

The pornographic violence in "bloodbath" slasher movies degrades both men and women. Today's slasher movies fail to deliver the emotional catharsis that s horror films did. Is your thesis statement clear? Tip : In order to be as clear as possible in your writing: Unless you're writing a technical report, avoid technical language. Always avoid jargon, unless you are confident your audience will be familiar with it. Compare the original thesis not specific and clear enough with the revised version much more specific and clear : Original thesis : Although the timber wolf is a timid and gentle animal, it is being systematically exterminated.

Does your thesis include a comment about your position on the issue at hand?

Make an outline. Know what you are going to write about before you start writing.

Tips : Avoid merely announcing the topic; your original and specific "angle" should be clear. In this way you will tell your reader why your take on the issue matters. Original thesis : In this paper, I will discuss the relationship between fairy tales and early childhood. Revised thesis : Not just empty stories for kids, fairy tales shed light on the psychology of young children.

Original thesis : We must save the whales. Revised thesis : Because our planet's health may depend upon biological diversity, we should save the whales. When you make a subjective judgment call, specify and justify your reasoning. Original thesis : Socialism is the best form of government for Kenya. Revised thesis : If the government takes over industry in Kenya, the industry will become more efficient. Avoid merely reporting a fact. Say more than what is already proven fact. Go further with your ideas. Effective conclusions open with a concluding transition "in conclusion," "in the end," etc.

After that you should immediately provide a restatement of your thesis statement. This should be the fourth or fifth time you have repeated your thesis so while you should use a variety of word choice in the body paragraphs it is a acceptable idea to use some but not all of the original language you used in the introduction.

This echoing effect not only reinforces your argument but also ties it nicely to the second key element of the conclusion: a brief two or three words is enough review of the three main points from the body of the paper. Having done all of that, the final element — and final sentence in your essay — should be a "global statement" or "call to action" that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end. The conclusion paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write effectively but, as it is your last chance to convince or otherwise impress the reader, it is worth investing some time in.

Take this opportunity to restate your thesis with confidence; if you present your argument as "obvious" then the reader might just do the same. Although you can reuse the same key words in the conclusion as you did in the introduction, try not to copy whole phrases word for word. Instead, try to use this last paragraph to really show your skills as a writer by being as artful in your rephrasing as possible.

Although it may seem like a waste of time — especially during exams where time is tight — it is almost always better to brainstorm a bit before beginning your essay. This should enable you to find the best supporting ideas — rather than simply the first ones that come to mind — and position them in your essay accordingly. Your best supporting idea — the one that most strongly makes your case and, simultaneously, about which you have the most knowledge — should go first.

Even the best-written essays can fail because of ineffectively placed arguments. Sentences and vocabulary of varying complexity are one of the hallmarks of effective writing. When you are writing, try to avoid using the same words and phrases over and over again. If you are asked about "money," you could try "wealth" or "riches.

Learning how to write an essay is crucial to admissions and scholarship decisions.

In the end, though, remember that good writing does not happen by accident. Although we have endeavored to explain everything that goes into effective essay writing in as clear and concise a way as possible, it is much easier in theory than it is in practice.

General Essay Writing Tips

As a result, we recommend that you practice writing sample essays on various topics. Even if they are not masterpieces at first, a bit of regular practice will soon change that — and make you better prepared when it comes to the real thing. Back InternationalStudent. Sign in to Your Account Done. Sign in.

How to write a paragraph

Don't have an Account? Register Now! Want to see sample essays? Check out our Sample Essay section where you can see scholarship essays, admissions essays, and more!