Leaders who value cooperation, on the other ahnd, have historically been less prone to these overreaching, destructive tendencies. While this kind of transition would be good enough for a lower-scoring essay, though, the author does not just leave the connection between the two paragraphs at that.
Instead, he also connects the two paragraphs by keeping the focus on the same issue from the end of one paragraph to the beginning of the next.
The final 6-level quality demonstrated by this GRE Writing sample is its use of skillful and precise language to convey specific meaning. Overall, the language in this essay is formal and academic , despite the profligate use of first person point of view by the author which can make writing seem less formal. The recent economic meltdown was caused in no large part by the leaders of American banks and financial institutions who were obsessed with competing for the almighty dollar. Compare the above excerpt to a more milquetoast version of the same statement:.
The recent economic downturn was mostly caused by financial leaders who wanted to earn lots of money. Check out our best-in-class online GRE prep program.
We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your GRE score by 7 points or more. PrepScholar GRE is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses. We also feature 2, practice questions , official practice tests, hours of interactive lessons, and 1-on-1 scoring and feedback on your AWA essays. This second sentence has the same basic meaning as the real excerpt from the essay. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports swimming, boating and fishing among their favorite recreational activities.
The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. The full text of this essay can be found on the ETS website. Be sure to read through the essay first before coming back to read my analysis of it.
Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. The author identifies the assumption that complaints indicate many people want to use the river and examines it by reasoning through possible scenarios other than the one presented in the prompt. The next way the author of this sample GRE essay fulfills the requirements of a perfect-scoring Argument essay is by providing comprehensive support for each of her main points.
Throughout the essay, the author is able to explain exactly why each assumption made is problematic by using examples that precisely illustrate her argument. Consider how this is approached in the second paragraph of the essay. For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports.
The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know. Another important ideal a perfect-scoring Argument essay must live up to is being organized logically, with clear transitions between ideas.
The author of this GRE essay sample is able to meet the first part of this requirement with a simple five-paragraph organizational structure : an introduction, one paragraph for each assumption discussed, and a conclusion. Accomplishing the logical connection and development of ideas throughout the essay requires a little bit more finesse, but the author still manages it.
Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly. The combination of these two methods of connecting the two paragraphs results in a smooth logical flow from one idea to the next. Lastly, a perfect-scoring Argument essay must be precise and effective in its discussion of ideas, with few if any errors. The author of this essay successfully meets this standard by using purposeful language to efficiently and clearly get her point across, as can be seen in this example from paragraph three:.
The following is taken from a memo from the advertising director of the Super Screen Movie Production Company. And yet the percentage of positive reviews by movie reviewers about specific Super Screen movies actually increased during the past year. Clearly, the contents of these reviews are not reaching enough of our prospective viewers. Super Screen should therefore allocate a greater share of its budget next year to reaching the public through advertising. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable.
Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. The full text of this GRE essay sample can be found on p.
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Read through the essay first, then check below for an analysis of its positive and negative qualities. They need to look carefully at actual numbers, both of viewership and of positive reviews. The also need to identify the relationship that their target audience has with movie reviewers and determine how their target audience feels about their movies. Fianlly they need to take a nuanced look at the movie reviews that they use in their advertising. An instance of the author identifying a particular argument can be found in the third paragraph of this GRE essay sample.
The paragraph starts by clearly stating the question that needs to be answered what the number of positive reviews was and how it compared to past reviews. Another quality all perfect-scoring Argument essays must contain is strong and thorough support for each point discussed. Finally the studio must ask whether the percentage of positive reviews is really a relevant way to measure the potential impact of movie reviews. There are dozens of movie reviewers but when deciding whether to not to go to a movie, the general public will usually pick from among the 10 most popular movie reviews.
These are the reviews that will impress the public if they are included in advertising. If the most popular movie reviewers disliked Super Screen movies that a larger number of small time film bloggers reviewed positively, Super Screen needs to think of a new advertising strategy. In this paragraph, the author opens by identifying the element of argument to be discussed are positive reviews a useful way to measure the impact of movie reviews in general? She then develops this point through reasoning about why the answer to this question might contradict the assumption made in the argument people mostly use popular reviews to decide on what movies to see, rather than the ratio of popular to negative reviews.
The third requirement for a perfect-scoring Argument essay is that it must develop and connect ideas in a clear and logical fashion. Each body paragraph of the essay is centered around one or two related questions. A good example of this can be found in paragraph four, which contains two related questions about the relationship between audiences and movie reviewers:.
Finally, Super Screen needs to ask what the relationship is between its viewers and the movie reviewers cited in the memo. Super Screen also needs to consider how its movie choices have affected the separate movie reviewer and audience populations. If the studio has switched from making mega- blockbuster action movies to more nuanced dramas, the general public may be less willing to go see their movies even though movie critics prefer the dramas to the action movies. The last sentence of the paragraph again links back to the discussion of audience taste vs.
Finally, a perfect-scoring Argument essay must employ varied and precise language, with few errors. The last sentence of this paragraph contributes to this efficacy through the use of specific language :. There are a few minor spelling errors e. In the grand scheme of the GRE essay scoring rubric, writing flourishes matter much less than clarity of thought and precision of language. One thing that all these perfect-scoring GRE sample essays had in common was an introduction and a conclusion. The importance of clearly stating your position varies between the two GRE essay tasks somewhat. All of the perfect-scoring GRE essay examples analyzed in this article contained specific and relevant support for the claims made by the authors.
In the Argument essay samples, the authors focused in on several specific parts of the arguments and debated their validity using specific hypothetical scenarios and questions. The takeaway of this for your own writing is that the specific is always more persuasive than the general when it comes to supporting a point. As I discussed in my analyses of the four GRE Writing samples, whether or not your writing is polished and perfectly worded and spelled is not nearly as important as your successful communication of your ideas and how they are supported.
In the GRE essay, all is precision, and analyses of issues that use clearly-explained compelling examples or analyses of arguments that cut to the very heart of why an argument is flawed with supporting explanations will ultimately score higher than beautifully crafted but logically imprecise essays. All of the authors of the GRE essay examples analyzed in this article are able to maintain focus and organization in their essays by employing multi-level transitions that link ideas between and within paragraphs on both content and linguistic levels. In your own writing, be conscious of when you are changing from discussing one idea to another and make sure the transition is smooth.
While all of the GRE essay examples used in this article were written in response to different prompts, they all adhered to basically the standard five-paragraph , introduction-body paragraphs-conclusion format. Using it will save you the time of having to figure out a new organizational strategy for every essay you write. Now you know what it takes to get a perfect essay score.
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But do you actually need to get a perfect 6. Second, no information has been provided about the target market for the coffee or the pricing strategy. It might be that the coffee produced by Superior is one of the cheaper products in the market. And that they earn their profits from volume sales rather than having a niche market. Whereas, Excelsior might be aiming at the niche market of expensive and luxury coffee.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ISSUE AND ARGUMENT ESSAY
If that were the case, then the same marketing strategies might not be relevant for Excelsior. Can Hyundai apply the same approach towards the market as does a luxury brand like Ferrari? Without some of the relevant and contextual details, it is difficult to judge the efficacy of using the same marketing strategy that a competitor applied some unknown years back.
If we were to get some more details in this regard, we could have judged the situation better. Although all the factors being the same, it might not be a bad idea to follow the same approach as that of a leading brand in the market. Sometimes there is nothing wrong with sticking to the tried and the tested.
Mock AWA Issue Essay - Magoosh GRE Blog
In the absence of any other better idea, Excelsior might not have much to lose if it pursues the same methods as did Superior. Conducting a temporary sales promotion that offers free samples, price reductions and discount coupons might not be such a bad idea. It could be a good ploy to get users to try out the product. And discounts and other monetary incentives are usually very effective in this regard. If the quality of the product is good enough and the pricing is appropriate, introducing enough customers to the product through such offers might give a significant push to consumer interest in the product.
While customer satisfaction might leverage word of mouth marketing. Therefore, depending on the context the approach might or might not be a beneficial one. This essay question has been taken from gmatclub and the answer has been judged as a perfect 6 by the GMAT Write tool. Take a Free Trial. About Us.