Similarities and differences between buddhism and hinduism essay

They are widely practiced, and have been around for centuries. Like every other religion they both have similarities and differences. In this paper I will show you the structure of each religion and I would also like to show how they compare and contrast. Well it is more accurate to say that no one…. Long ago both Hinduism and Buddhism originated and evolved on Indian soil.

They share a long history together intermingled in one way or another. Through the years each religion has had a significant influence on the other, and they have also developed some major differences as well. The Buddha was born into a Hindu family and the Hindu tradition eventually accepted the Buddha as an incarnation of Vishnu Voorst Buddhism became widely accepted in India due to teachings of the Buddha that created…. Why is the concept of Karma and Dharma, important to Hinduism in terms of the caste system?

Because of this, people are motivated to do well in their current life in the hopes of securing or maintaining a higher level in their respective hierarchy. Buddha was strong on his teachings of impermanence, for the anatman no spirit.

Alan Watts - The differences between Hinduism and Buddhism

Yet the atman can similarly be present in Buddhism as both strategies envision humans as having a soul. Therefore as a whole the quest that was religious Hindus is to start the search for the soul and Brahman.

Essay about Buddhism vs Hinduism

Close to Buddhism, although…. Throughout the Roman, and Indian world, the religions of Christianity, Buddhism, and Hinduism became the predominant faith for each civilization. Each ruler chose to convert to their new religion out of genuine belief that it was what was best for their people. Constantine, The Emperor of Rome, converted to the Christian faith after having a vision on the battlefield; accompanied that night by a dream that instructed him to fight in the name of the Christian god.

This vision had such a profound effect….


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Comparative on Hinduism and Buddhism Suffering is the state of undergoing pain, distress, or hardship. There are two religions that use this as a basis for their religion, Hinduism, and Buddhism These two religions started in India and are relatively similar. But what are the differences, and similarities of these two religions? Until deciding how similar of different these two religions are, one has to know the facts of both.

First off Hinduism is a term made up from outsiders then was later take…. Essays Essays FlashCards.

Dharma in Buddhism and Hinduism Essay - Words | Cram

Browse Essays. Show More. Then in Buddhism it follows the same guidelines, to teach the ways in which to live the best life. Which brings us to the next commonality between the religions, which is the art of reincarnation. Ethical living : Both Hinduism and Buddhism believe in the possibility of resolving karma, fully or partially, through self-effort. By practising Dharma, cultivating virtues such as nonviolence, truthfulness, non-stealing, non-possessiveness, compassion, friendliness, etc. Transference and healing : Some sects or schools of Hinduism as well as Buddhism believe that good karma can be transferred by one individual to another for healing purposes or to resolve suffering.

It is one of the highest acts of sacrifice, charity and selfless-service, which benefits the giver as well as the receiver. Dying moments : Both religions believe that the predominant thoughts, memories and desires play an important role in influencing the course of next birth.

Whatever thoughts and desires a person may hold at the time of his or her death also influence it. Accordingly, they may also have an impact on the working of karma in future lives for better or worse. Hence, they both acknowledge the need to suppress the modifications of the mind with spiritual practices such as withdrawal of the mind and senses, breath control, concentration, meditation and complete absorption into silence samadhi so that a person remains in a tranquil state at the time of death and limit the future impact of karma.

Karma as an effect: In both traditions, karma is an effect rather than a substance. The effects of karma actions are stored in the consciousness karana chitta as latent impressions or subtle formations. Thus, they both envision karma as an impure phenomenon or hidden effect, without any physical or material basis. To be free from karma, Jains believe that one has to physically remove that impurity through righteous actions, rigorous austerities and self-purification.

In Hinduism and Buddhism, the effects of karma have to be resolved by addressing their causes. Fructification : Both religions believe that the causes of karma are desires and contact with sense objects. The effects of karma caused by them may manifest immediately, sometime later in the current life or in a future life. Some karma may take much longer time to fructify, after several births.

Differences Between Hinduism and Buddhism

Karma may also act as a cause to produce further karma. Both also believe in the accumulation of karma and its continuation into future lives. The effects of such accumulated karma may be experienced in the body or in the mind or in other realms heavens or hells or upon earth. A person becomes by what he does or thinks, and he is born again by what he does or thinks.

This is the inescapable law of karma. Importance of rituals : In Hinduism, the rituals are synonymous with good karma. Rituals, prayers, chanting of sacred names, pilgrimages, visiting temples and shrines, domestic worship, etc. The Buddha did not believe in the beneficent nature of rituals, but in righteous actions. He taught that karma could be resolved by practising Dharma and following the Eightfold Path with intelligence or discrimination, and by engaging in ethical living with right speech, right thoughts, right perceptions, right discernment, etc.

However, some schools of Buddhism do believe that prayers, chanting, pilgrimages, meditation and contemplation on sacred teachings, recitation of scriptures and worshipping the Buddhas, the Bodhisattvas and the gods in heaven can lead to accumulation of good karma and resolution of past suffering. Applicability: Karma in Hinduism is confined to mortal beings. The gods who are immortal are not bound by karma.

Their actions may produce consequences, and at times they may suffer from them. In Buddhism, the gods in heavens are also mortals, who may live for eons. However, they too may descend into lower planes when they exhaust their karma or fall down. According to Buddhism, even Brahma and Indra, although higher gods, cannot escape from karma, impermanence or the cycle of births and deaths.

Self and Not-self: According to Hinduism although the beings jivas are bound by karma, the soul is eternally free and untouched by karma. Even though it is bound the cycle of births by karma, and karma may prolong its existence in the mortal world, the soul remains impervious to the happenings in the mortal world. It remains forever blissful, resplendent, pure, omniscient, omnipresent and infinite. Buddhism does not believe in the existence of eternal souls. Hence, according to it, there is no part in the being which is eternally pure or impervious to karma. The effects of karma pervade as well envelop the whole being who is their source from all sides and keep it bound to the cycle of births and deaths until the beingness is fully deconstructed by dissolving all the formations and aggregates that are part of it.

Divine intervention: Hinduism believes that karma can be resolved by individual actions as well as by divine grace. Through devotion, selfless service and righteous living, one can please the God, who out of his boundless love and compassion for his devotees may instantaneously free them from all impurities, including the impurity of karma, and grant them liberation.

Buddhism does not believe in God. By abstaining from evil thoughts, words and deeds and by performing righteous actions, one can overcome the problem of suffering caused by karma. However, some schools of Buddhism believe that by worshipping the Buddhas and the deities of the higher world, one may resolve suffering to some extent and overcome deep-seated problems of karma such as bodily ailments or mental afflictions.

Yet, none of them can fully exonerate a being from the consequences of karma. Karma yoga : Hinduism offers several alternatives or approaches called yogas to resolve the problem of karma and achieve liberation from the cycle of births and deaths. Of them, of particular interest is jnana karma sanyasa yoga, according to which a person is not bound by his actions or karma if he acquires right knowledge jnana about oneself and the causes of bondage and dutifully engages in actions as an offering or service to God without desiring their fruit. By sincerely offering all actions to God and their fruit, even if they are performed for a reason or purpose, one is not bound.

In Buddhism, the equivalent of karma yoga consists of practising the Right Living on the Eightfold Path with detachment, renunciation and discernment. In Buddhism, there is no savior other than the Dhamma. One must be careful about how one lives, what one does or which actions one chooses, since there is no one who can rescue a person from Samsara other than his own effort, his intelligence buddhi and his commitment to Dharma.

Acts of God : According to Hinduism, whatever a person experiences, is due to present or past karma arising from desire-ridden actions, the actions of others, or divine causes such as acts of God or the intervention of gods. In Hinduism, fate is a combination of all these. Hinduism is fatalistic in a limited sense.


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  • Essay on Religion. Research Paper on Hinduism and Buddhism!
  • Buddhism recognizes only two causes, past and present karma, caused by unwholesome thoughts and desires. It firmly believes that God, soul or any divine cause does not play any role at all in the existence of beings or their suffering. Karma arises from the not-self and subsides in the not-self. In other words, while Hinduism believes in free will and divine will as the source of karma and suffering, Buddhism believes in free will and impure actions only.

    However, both radically differ from fatalistic traditions such as the now extinct Ajivika sect, which held that no evil or merit could arise from actions, but only from fate or divine will. Free will: Buddhism does not believe that humans are helpless or lack skillfulness in avoiding evil actions. With discernment, they can avoid unskillful actions. Those who engage in evil thoughts turn to evil and those who engage in righteous thoughts turn to righteousness.

    A person thus becomes by his thought and actions alone, and by them only he can improve and reform himself.

    Similarities and Difference Between Hinduism and Buddhism. Essay

    By practising Right Living on the Eightfold Path and by practicing concentration, contemplation and reflection he can cultivate discernment and become skillful in actions, and thereby resolve karma. However, as stated in the Bhagavadgita, Hinduism believes that humans are mere players in the divine play of God, and they are helplessly driven to their destinies by his will.

    They may have free will and freedom to make choices or choose their actions, but it is a burden rather than a blessing because it binds them. They are supposed to use their free will to serve God and uphold Dharma.